Tuesday, 28 September 2010

The terms. [part 2]


(Building elements...)

Gutta- a small water-repelling, cone-shaped projection used in the architrave of the Doric order in classical architecture

Imbrex and tegula - interlocking roof tiles used in ancient Greek and Roman architecture

Keystone-the architectural piece at the crown of a vault or arch which marks its apex, locking the other pieces into position

Metope-a rectangular architectural element that fills the space between two triglyphs in a Doric frieze

Naos - see Cella

Nave-the central approach to the high altar, the main body of the church

Opisthodomos-(opithodomos/opthodomos from Greek ὀπισθόδομος) was the room present at the rear of some ancient Greek temples

Ornament- a decoration used to embellish parts of a building or objec

Orthostates-squared stone blocks much greater in height than depth that are usually built into the lower portion of a wall

Pediment-a classical architectural element consisting of the triangular section found above the horizontal structure (entablature), typically supported by columns

Peristyle-a columned porch or open colonnade in a building surrounding a court that may contain an internal garden

Pilaster-a slightly-projecting column built into or applied to the face of a wall

Plinth-the base or platform upon which a column, pedestal, statue, monument or structure rests

Portico- a porch leading to the entrance of a building, or extended as a colonnade, with a roof structure over a walkway, supported by columns or enclosed by walls

Portico types - tetrastyle, hexastyle, octostyle, decastyle

Prostyle-an architectural term defining free standing columns that are widely spaced apart in a row.

Quoin- the cornerstones of brick or stone walls

Rustication-an architectural feature that contrasts in texture with the smoothly finished, squared block masonry surfaces called ashlar

Stoa-in Ancient Greek architecture; covered walkways or porticos, commonly for public usage

Suspensura- the architectural term given by Vitruvius[1] to piers of square bricks (about 20 cm X 20 cm) that supported a suspended floor of a Roman bath covering a hypocaust cavity through which the hot air would flow.

Term-or terminal figure is a human head and bust that continues as a square tapering pillarlike form

Tracery-an architectural term used primarily to describe the stonework elements that support the glass in a Gothic window

Triglyph-an architectural term for the vertically channeled tablets of the Doric frieze, so called because of the angular channels in them, two perfect and one divided, the two chamfered angles or hemiglyphs being reckoned as one

Sima- the upturned edge of a roof which acts as a gutter. Sima comes from the Greek simos, meaning bent upwards.

Stylobate- (Greek: στυλοβάτης) is the top step of the crepidoma, the stepped platform on which colonnades of temple columns are placed (it is the floor of the temple)

Volute- a spiral scroll-like ornament that forms the basis of the Ionic order, found in the capital of the Ionic column

see also:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Category:Architectural_elements

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